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Principles for a sustainable future of Latin America, in times of pandemic and planetary crisis

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INTRODUCTION


The values at stake

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  • The global coronavirus pandemic has put the world in the worst crisis since WWII. We express our solidarity in the face of the enormous loss of human life that has been happening in all the countries of the world and our special concern about the impact on the health and economy of the most vulnerable populations and communities.
  • We value the response of States to address the health emergency by putting the science at the center of political decisions and promoting economic support programs that protect the most vulnerable.
  • This pandemic is part of a broader systemic crisis that, together with the climate crisis and the loss of biodiversity results from the way in which the human species has interacted with nature.
  • We are facing a planetary emergency that transcends national borders and exposes our vulnerability and interdependence as part of the same global community. For this reason, the response requires both international and national revision of the social contract based on cooperation, strengthening of the democratic principles and respect for the limits of nature.
  • Despite its internal political differences, Latin America shares cultural, language, an ancestral heritage elements inherited from ancestors and a natural capital that offer favorable conditions to develop a regional cooperation strategy and overcome with greater efficiency and effectiveness the current challenges and futures to which our countries and societies will be exposed.


  • The causes of COVID-19, systemic functioning of the planet and its limits


    In the last 30 years we have exponentially increased our global connectivity, consequently increasing exposure to systemic risks as evidenced by this pandemic and, in the same period, we have verified the weakness of our governance systems. Democratic, republican, environmental and health institutions in most of our countries are deteriorated and do not have the minimum infrastructure necessary to face the challenges of a planet with more than 7,500 million human beings settled mainly in urban areas, with their backs to their rural and natural environments. This institutional fragility further exposes vulnerable sectors, such as rural communities and precarious urban settlements. The COVID-19 pandemic is of zoonotic origin, associated with several concurrent factors noted repeatedly by the scientific community as probable causes of diseases, deaths and regional and global catastrophes:

  • The loss of natural habitats of certain fauna species that, due to the scarcity of resources, approach populated areas.
  • The consumption of wildlife species and their trade.
  • Global warming that allows migration of vectors of new diseases.
  • The low quality of the environment in most countries of the world.

  • The global pandemic comes at a time when nationalisms are exacerbated, when displaced populations that migrate escaping war, violence and poverty are multiplying, a time where isolation barriers increase. Mistrust in multilateral institutions and the absence of global leaderships with a vocation to cooperate only deepen the health crisis putting the lives of millions of inhabitants at risk.

    Above all else, the coronavirus reveals the interdependence between nations and ecosystems and the fragility to which the global community is exposed. We will most likely face new pandemics, until then we must generate containment systems capable of preventing them and that allow us to respond quickly and in solidarity as a global interdependent community.



    The consequences for a fragile region with high vulnerability and little ability to face and manage


    Due to its global nature similar to the climate crisis, this health crisis confirms the profound inequality relationships existing in the world.

  • In general, the countries of the region have health systems without the necessary equipment to care for the thousands of people affected by the coronavirus.
  • Access to water and sanitation systems is vital to sustain regular practices of hygiene. In Latin America, a region that is home to a third of the world's freshwater, 34 Millions of people still do not have access to drinking water and 15% of the population await for access to sanitation services, increasing the vulnerability of communities most in need. (ECLAC, 2018 Regional Report)
  • Latin America and the Caribbean is the most urbanized region on the planet, with a high concentration of its lower income population, living in situations of overcrowding where it is unfeasible to practice the social distancing required to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The countries of the region have a current population of 630 million, which represents 8.6% of the global population. More than 80% of its inhabitants are located in urban areas, especially in mega cities that come to concentrate more than 30% of the population of the respective country. (ECLAC, 2018)
  • In Latin America and the Caribbean, about 50% of the workforce, at least 140 million people, work in informal conditions and without a social containment network.
  • The substantial increase in migrations of the last decades has increased notably the urban population living in overcrowded conditions and informality that is highly vulnerable to health crises.

  • We belong to societies with unsustainable patterns of production and consumption. The irrational demand of resources by a growing population and the consequent generation of waste exceeds the carrying capacity of the planet. In short, we are a population who does not know or who seems to care little about the limits of the planet.



    Lessons Learned


    a) This global pandemic exposes and alerts about the degree of deterioration to which we have led our planet to. It allows us to understand its uniqueness as a natural infrastructure provider of life, goods and services, value its limits and recognize the urgent need to respect its systemic functioning.
    b) In the emergency, governments have been able to promote and adopt measures aimed at solving fundamental health and economic issues. This simple fact demonstrates that, when there is political will, states and the global community are capable of undertaking structural changes.
    c) Science has been strongly claimed in the identification, management, and planning of possible solutions to the health emergency. Like with the climate crisis, scientific, political and social leaders anticipated risks and suggested the development of global systems for rapid action in the face of threats to life in the planet and our survival. The pandemic shows that managing risks while ignoring science has disastrous implications and a high economic and social cost. New global emergencies previously announced and today verifiable, force the development of globally coordinated responses.
    d) The abrupt closure of economic activities, sustaining only those considered "Essential" for health, food provision or waste collection, allow for reflection on the current production and consumption model. It is necessary to review an economic model based only on the permanent growth of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
    e) The COVID-19 pandemic forces us to deepen the debate and value those companies and economic activities designed with the purpose of responding to the social challenges and environmental issues of today. We need new business models and ways of doing business. Optimizing the economic model implies renewing the DNA of the companies to integrate environmental and social objectives to their purposes and core activities.
    f) Nature's resilience, if given the opportunity, can improve environmental conditions in cities, especially air quality through the reduction of short-lived pollutants, generating a positive effect on health and populations.
    g) The health crisis, generated by COVID-19, is causing the loss of hundreds of thousands of human lives and an abrupt stop of the economic activities that support the life of our countries. This disruption offers a learning opportunity from others systemic threats highlighted by science. Like, climate change, which puts at risk the existence of the human species and life on the planet. Today, more than ever, we are aware that the health of the planet is also the health of those who inhabit it.
    h) Despite the isolation conditions, the COVID-19 pandemic has reflected the existence of fundamental human values in the face of adversity and suffering, generating reactions of solidarity, dedication and gratitude towards those that take care of us.



    Bases for a sustainable renaissance from Latin America


    We need to direct the world to a new "renaissance" where the planet and its limits are the essential framework of our political and economic decisions to guarantee life and well-being of all organisms on the planet. A new "agreement for nature and people" that sets out the commitments of states and other actors towards a new effective framework to reverse loss and deterioration of the natural conditions of the planet. Latin America has a role, enormous potential, and a singular responsibility in the task of reconnecting with nature and the system of life. And from our uniqueness we want to emphasize the need to review substantially the current order and adopt the necessary social contract to sustain peace, dignity, integrity, and people's lives through sustainable development. This new local, regional, and global social order must include the following principles:


    1. Scientific knowledge must support decisions. Science as the basis of knowledge for global risk and threat management, should guide cooperation and political, economic, and environmental decisions. Investing in research and development, both in the prevention of these planetary risks, as well as in possible solutions must be at the center of the economic priorities of public entities and the private sector.
    2. Solidarity must guide the response to global crises. For a sustainable renaissance, we must recognize the interdependence between human beings and nature and promote the health of the Earth system, based on solidarity, cooperation, and complementarity between us.
    3. Move towards an economy that considers welfare not just growth. For a sustainable renaissance, decisions on "economic stimulus plans" in the strategies that help us recover from this economic crisis are important. It is necessary to ensure that they strengthen our resilience, restore natural systems and accelerate the transition to a welfare economy within planetary limits.
    4. Renew climate and biodiversity commitments within the framework of the Sustainable Development (ODS). We must strengthen the ambition cycle of the Paris Agreement, the reformulation of the Aichi targets through the Global Biodiversity Framework Post-2020 of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the fulfillment of the Objectives of Sustainable Development as a central commitment towards 2030. The postponement of both Conferences of the parties does not alter the climatic responsibility to face the loss of nature, species and ecosystems. It is a priority to link economic recovery plans with long-term strategies for “Net Zero Emissions”, to accelerate the energy transition and build solutions based on nature.
    5. Put the development of technology at the service of solutions and framed in the democratic principles, respecting human rights and the right to privacy of information.
    6. Review of the role of the State and governance at all levels, ensuring the strengthening of democratic and republican institutions.
    7. Develop new business models that integrate economic, environmental and social objectives. In the rebirth of a new economy that aspires to be sustainable, the role of the business sector is crucial. The existence of thousands of companies who have set out to redefine the sense of success of their businesses by integrating their economic activity with environmental and social objectives is a sign that a circular economy is possible. It is time to invest in human ingenuity and in regeneration technologies, where the company provides financial and human capital, but considers social, environmental and economic wellbeing.


    In 2019, global mobilizations summoned millions of people who asked substantial changes in our life system. This global crisis shows that it is possible to make structural changes. The world will not be the same after this pandemic. We trust in the capacity and sensitivity of current and future generations to create conditions to achieve a radically different future. A future in which the human species assumes its responsibility to care for nature and our fellow human beings, considering scientific knowledge of natural laws, our creative capacity and the privilege of living in a planet capable of generating and regenerating its life systems

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    SIGNERS


    For a sustainable future, sign:

  • Yolanda Kakabadse, Ecuador, Ex Presidente UICN y WWF
  • Jorge Caillaux, Perú, Presidente Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental
  • Manuel Pulgar Vidal, Perú, Líder Global de Clima y Energía, WWF Internacional
  • Rafael Asenjo, Chile, Ex Presidente Tribunal Ambiental de Santiago de Chile
  • Pedro Tarak, Argentina, Co Fundador Sistema B
  • Miguel Pellerano, Argentina
  • Juan Dumas, Argentina, Meliquina Ltd.
  • Ramiro Fernández, Argentina, Director Cambio Climático, Avina
  • Ignacio Pérez, Ecuador, Seriva


  • Sign:

  • Ricardo Lagos E., Chile, Ex Presidente de la República
  • Felipe Calderón Hinojosa, México, Ex Presidente de la República
  • Christiana Figueres, Costa Rica, Fundadora Global Optimism
  • Marina Silva, Brasil, Ex Ministra del Ambiente, Ex Senadora por Acre
  • Guilherme Leal, Brasil, Fundador Natura
  • Tarsicio Granizo, Ecuador, Director WWF Ecuador, Ex Ministro del Ambiente
  • Izabella Texeira, Brasil, Ex Ministra de ambiente de Brasil
  • Ana Lya Uriarte, Chile, Ex Ministra del Ambiente
  • Grethel Aguilar Rojas, Costa Rica, Acting Director General UICN
  • Gonzalo Muñoz Abogabir, Chile, High Level Climate Action Champion COP25
  • Salomón Lerner Febres, Perú, Rector Emérito de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
  • Oded Grajew, Brasil, Fundador del Instituto Ethos
  • Charly Alberti, Argentina, Fundador de Revolución 21 Latinoamérica Sustentable / Músico
  • Julia Carabias, México, Ex Secretaria de la Secretaría de Medio Ambiente, Recursos Naturales y Pesca SEMARNAP, Socia fundadora de CEIBA
  • Eduardo Dockendorff V., Chile, Ex Ministro Secretario General de la Presidencia
  • Claudio Maretti, Brasil, Ex Presidente del Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservación de la Biodiversidad
  • Marcelo Mena, Chile, Ex Ministro de Medio Ambiente
  • Lucía Ruiz, Perú, Ex Ministra del Ambiente y Recursos Naturales
  • Juan Mayor, Colombia, Ex Ministro del Ambiente
  • Roque Sevilla, Ecuador, Ex Alcalde de Quito
  • Diana Alvarez Calderón, Perú, Ex Ministra de Cultura
  • Boy Olmi, Argentina, Actor, director y comunicador
  • Manuel Rodriguez Becerra, Colombia, Ex Ministro del Ambiente
  • Jose Carlos Carvhallo, Brasil, Ex Ministro del Ambiente
  • Andreas Lehnoff, Guatemala, Director Regional WWF, Ex Ministro del Ambiente
  • Roberto Troya, Ecuador, Directo Regional América Latina, WWF
  • Gabriel Baracatt, Bolivia, Director Ejecutivo, Fundación AVINA
  • Alberto de Belaúnde, Perú, Congresista de la República
  • Julio C. Saguier, Argentina, Ciudadano
  • Marta Echavarria, Ecuador, Presidente Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano
  • Mariano Castro, Perú, Ex Viceministro de Gestión Ambiental
  • Carlos Loret de Mola, Perú, Ex Presidente del Consejo Nacional del Ambiente
  • Marc Dourojeanni, Perú, Profesor Emérito, Universidad Nacional Agraria, Perú
  • Nicolas Lucas, Argentina, Ex Director Ejecutivo Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano
  • Pablo Lloret, Ecuador, Director Ejecutivo Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano
  • Gustavo Manrique, Ecuador, Presidente de Premios Latinoamérica Verde
  • Daniel Sabsay, Argentina, Presidente del Consejo Asesor de la Fundación Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (FARN)
  • Moises Naim, Venezuela, Analista Político / Económico
  • Alejandro Gaviria, Colombia, Rector Universidad de los Andes
  • Marianela Curi, Bolivia, Ex Directora Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano
  • Raúl Gauto, Paraguay, Presidente, Forestal Sylvis SA
  • Patricia Ruiz-Bravo, Perú, Decana Facultad de Ciencias Sociales Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
  • María Emilia Correa, Colombia, Co fundadora de Sistema B
  • Aaron Cavieres, Chile, Ex Director Ejecutivo Corporación Nacional Forestal (CONAF)
  • Javier Simonetti, Chile, Profesor Universidad de Chile
  • Hernan Verscheure, Chile, Miembro Directorio de CODEFF
  • Enrique Piedra Cueva, Uruguay, Ex miembro del Directorio de la Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano
  • Rachel Biderman, Brasil, Ex Miembro del Directorio de la Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano
  • Roberto Zahler, Chile, Ex Presidente del Banco Central
  • Ricardo Abramovay, Brasil, Sociólogo, Universidad de Sao Paulo
  • Martin von Hildebrand, Colombia, Ciudadano
  • Alex Pryor, Argentina, Chief Cebador & Sembrador, Guayaki Yerba Mate
  • Juan Pablo Larenas, Chile, Director Ejecutivo B Lab Global
  • Nicolas Cock, Colombia, Presidente de Biolegacy; Presidente, Sistema B Colombia
  • Rene Calpachay, Argentina , Atacameño, Presidente, Pueblos Originales
  • Jorge Gronda, Argentina, Chofer de Pueblos Originales
  • Mary Kalin, Chile, Profesor Titular Universidad de Chile - IEB
  • Osvaldo Rosales, Chile, Ex Director División Comercio Internacional e Integración, CEPAL
  • Marie Claide Plumer, Chile, Ex Jefa División Sanción y Cumplimiento, Superintendencia de Medio Ambiente
  • Maisa Rojas, Chile, Directora del Centro de Ciencias del Clima y la Resiliencia (CR)2
  • Marcel Fukayama, Brasil, Director Ejecutivo, Sistema B Internacional
  • Tomás de Lara, Brasil, Co Fundador de Ciudades + B; -Cities Can B
  • Fernando Barbera, Argentina, Mendoza, Co Fundador de Valos- Mendoza
  • Víctor Mochkovsky, Argentina, Córdoba, Miembro del Directorio de Sistema B Argentina
  • German Castellanos, Argentina, Córdoba, Mercado Abasto
  • Rafael Kemelmajer, Argentina, Mendoza, Co Fundador de Quinto Impacto
  • Nicolás Shea, Chile, Fundador de Cumplo y de Start Up Chile
  • Pedro Friedrich, Argentina, Presidente de Tonka y de Sistema B Argentina
  • Guillermo Espinoza, Chile, Director Encargado Medio Ambiente, Centro de Estudios del Desarrollo (CED)
  • Martín Beaumont, Perú, Decano Facultad de Gestión y Alta Dirección, PUCP
  • José Antonio Talledo, Perú, Director de Sistema B Perú
  • Silvia María de Silveira Loureiro, Brasil, Profesora, Clínica de DDHH y Derecho Ambiental Universidad de Estado de Amazonas
  • Javier Portocarrero, Perú, Economista
  • Ricardo Cuenca, Perú, Director General Instituto de Estudios Peruanos
  • Valentina Durán Medina, Chile, Directora Centro de Derecho Ambiental Univ. de Chile
  • Mauricio Madrigal, Colombia, Director, Clínica Jurídica MASP Universidad de los Andes
  • Matías Kelly, Argentina, Sumatoria
  • João Paulo Capobianco, Brasil, Ex Secretário Nacional de Biodiversidade e Florestas e Ex Secretário Executivo do Ministério do Meio Ambiente do Brasil
  • Felipe Macías Fernández, Colombia, Crepes & Waffles
  • Ivette Johnson, Perú, Directora Ejecutiva de Sistema B Perú
  • Mercedes Viola, Uruguay, co-Presidenta Sistema B Uruguay
  • Pedro Jacobi, Brasil, Universidad de Sao Paulo
  • Bebo Gold, Uruguay, Director Ejecutivo Sistema B Uruguay
  • Natalia Hughes, Uruguay, Co presidenta Sistema B Uruguay
  • Andrés Silva Chave, Paraguay, OKARA y ARCA
  • Giselle Della Mea, Uruguay, Fundadora 3vectores - Cofundadora Sistema B Uruguay
  • Mireia Villar Forner, Uruguay, Coordinadora Residente de las Naciones Unidas en el Uruguay
  • Isabel Calle Valladares, Peru, Directora Ejecutiva Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental-SPDA
  • Santiago Campos Cervera, Paraguay, ARCA LATAM
  • Alonso Perez, Ecuador, Ciudadano
  • Pedro Solano, Perú, Ambientalista y músico
  • Luis Campos Baca, Perú, Asociación de Universidades Amazónicas del Perú (UNAMAZ)
  • Victor Zambrano, Perú, Comité de Gestión, Reserva Nacional Tambopata
  • Thais Corral, Brasil, Fundadora y directora del Centro de Regeneración Sinal do Vale
  • Bruno Monteferri, Perú, Director Conservamos por Naturaleza
  • Carolina Landin, Ecuador, Produbancc
  • Flavia Silva Scabin, Brasil, Diretora do Centro de Direitos Humanos e Empresas, Fundação Getulio Vargas
  • Felipe Fernández, México, Socio Fundador CEO Plataforma
  • Maria Paz Cigarán, Perú, Fundadora Libélula
  • Baltazar Caravedo Molinari, Perú, Profesor Facultad de Gestión y Alta Dirección, PUCP
  • Anna Zucchetti, Peru/Italia, Fundadora Grupo GEA y de Periferia S.A.
  • Evangelina Gomez Durañona, Ecuador, CERES
  • Sandra Reed, Ecuador, Presidente Sistema B Ecuador - Jorge Arturo Cabrera Hidalgo,Guatemala
  • Eduardo Gastelumendi, Perú, Ex Presidente Sociedad Peruana de Psicoanálisis
  • Vinicio Leiva, Ecuador, KFC Ecuador
  • Flavia Liberona, Chile, Directora Ejecutiva Fundación TERRAM
  • Marcela Brunaud, Chile, Socia fundadora COMUNICAMBIENTE SpA
  • Angelica Beas, Chile, Ex Relacionadora Publica CODELCO CHILE
  • Juan Carlos Godoy, Guatemala, Ex Vicepresidente de la Comisión Mundial de Áreas Protegidas WCPA para Centroamérica
  • Angelica Beas, Chile, Ex Relacionadora Publica CODELCO CHILE
  • Walter Arensberg, EE.UU., Ex Jefe División Medio Ambiente Banco Interamericano (BID)
  • Katherine Kenrick, Chile, Coordinadora Parque Andino Juncal
  • Hernan Mladinic, Chile, Ex Director Ejecutivo Tompkins Conservation-Chile
  • Lina Muñoz Ávila, Colombia, Directora Maestría en Derecho y Gestión Ambiental, Universidad del Rosario
  • Patricia Barrios Verand, Perú, Directora de Innovación, Universidad Continental
  • Jorge Cash, Chile, Ex Fiscal del Ministerio de Medio Ambiente
  • Ximena Insunza, Chile, Profesora-Investigadora, Centro de Derecho Ambiental, Universidad de Chile
  • Hernan Mladinic, Chile, Ex Director Ejecutivo Tompkins Conservation-Chile
  • Dominique Herve, Chile, Directora Programa Derecho y Política Ambiental, Universidad Diego Portales
  • Cristian Franz, Chile, Ex Superintendente de Medio Ambiente
  • James Hamilton, Chile, Medico Cirujano Presidente del Partido Con Todxs
  • Fabio Vaz Ribeiro de Almeida, Brasil, Coordenador Executivo do Instituto Sociedade, População e Natureza (ISPN)
  • DMary Lou Higgins, Colombia, Directora Ejecutiva WWF Colombia
  • Pablo Lumerman, Argentina, Facilitador. Estudio del Valle
  • Mauricio Bianco, Brasil, Vicepresidente CI Brasil
  • Mauricio Voivodic, Brasil, Director Ejecutivo WWF Brasil
  • Francisco Murray, Argentina, Director Ejecutivo, Sistema B Argentina
  • Lucas Campodónico, Argentina, Director de bioguia.com
  • Sergio Ribeiro, Brasil, Diretor Geral do Centro Internacional de Água e Transdisciplinaridade- CIRAT
  • Rumi Regina Kubo, Brasil, Presidente da Sociedade Latinoamericana de Etnobiologia - SOLAE
  • Flavio Becerra Barros, Brasil, Presidente Sociedade Brasileira de Etnobiologia e Etnoecologia (SBEE)
  • Ma. Cecilia Wey de Almeida Brito, Brasil, EKOS
  • Sergio Ribeiro, Brasil, Diretor Geral do Centro Internacional de Água e Transdisciplinaridade- CIRAT
  • Rumi Regina Kubo, Brasil, Presidente da Sociedade Latinoamericana de Etnobiologia - SOLAE
  • Flavio Becerra Barros, Brasil, Presidente Sociedade Brasileira de Etnobiologia e Etnoecologia (SBEE)
  • Ma. Cecilia Wey de Almeida Brito, Brasil, EKOS
  • Emilio Méndez Saúl, Guatemala, Nueva Narrativa Guatemala
  • Ernesto Moreno, Costa Rica, Presidente Yuxta Energy y de Sistema B América Central y Caribe
  • Juan Pedro Piñeirúa, Uruguay, Representante del Grupo Impulso Creativo
  • Francine Lemos, Brasil, Directora Ejecutiva sistema B Brasil
  • Elisa Patiño, Panamá, Directora Ejecutiva Sistema B Centro América y El Caribe
  • Sofia Sprechmann, Ecuador, CARE Internacional
  • Angela María Camacho, EE.UU., Presidenta Sistema B Internacional
  • Alvaro Diaz, Chile, Ex Subsecretario de Economía, Coordinador Foro por Desarrollo Justo y Sostenible
  • Andras Uthoff, Chile, Ex Oficial a cargo, División Desarrollo Social, CEPAL
  • Kurt Holle, Perú, Director WWF Perú
  • Roberto Waack, Brasil, Socio fundador Amata S.A. e Coaliçao Brasil Clima, Florestas e Agricultura
  • Ana Tonni, Brasil, Directora Executiva de Instituto Clima e Sociedade, Ex Presidenta de Greenpeace Internacional
  • Ana Patricia Muñoz, Ecuador, Directora Grupo Faro